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  Home > FOCAC Archives > FOCAC ABC
FOCAC ABC
2013/04/09

【Date of founding】FOCAC was formally established at the 2000 Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation in Beijing in October 2000 under the joint initiative of China and Africa with the purposes of further strengthening friendly cooperation between China and African states under the new circumstances, jointly meeting the challenges of economic globalization and seeking common development.

【Objectives】Equal consultation, enhancing understanding, expanding consensus, strengthening friendship and promoting cooperation.

【Members】China, 51 African states that have established diplomatic relations with China and the Commision of the African Union. The 50 African states are Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Republic of Congo, Union of Comoros, Cote d' ivoire, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritoria, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Lybia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunis, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

【Consultation Mechanism】As prescribed in the Programme for China-Africa Cooperation in Economic and Social Development, China and Africa agree to set up the follow-up mechanisms to conduct regular evaluations on the implementation of the follow-up actions. In July 2001, an FOCAC ministerial consultation meeting was held in the Zambian capital of Lusaka at which the Procedures for Follow-up Mechanisms of FOCAC was deliberated and adopted. The FOCAC dialogue and consultation mechanism is three-leveled: the Ministerial Conference held every three years, the Senior Official Follow-up Meeting and Senior Official Preparatory Meeting for the Ministerial Conference held respectively in the previous year and a few days before the Ministerial Conference; as well as meetings of African diplomats in China with the Chinese Follow-up Committee held at least twice a year. The Ministerial Conference and Senior Official Meeting are held in China and Africa alternately. China and the organizing African state of the meeting assume the joint chairs presiding over and taking lead in implementing the outcomes of the meeting. The Ministerial Conference is attended by the foreign minister and minister in charge of international economic cooperation and the Senior Official Meeting by director-general level officals of the competent departments. The year 2006 marked the 50th anniversary of the inauguration of diplomatic relations between China and Africa. To celebrate the event, China and Africa decided to upgrade the Ministerial Conference of the Forum to a Beijing Summit and 3rd Ministerial Conference as a particular arrangement. The conference also decided to establish the regular political consultation mechanism between foreign ministers of the two sides, to be held during the United Nations General Assembly the year after each Ministerial Conference. The Chinese and African foreign ministers held two political consultations in New York on September 26, 2007 and September 23, 2010, respectively.

In addition, with the ever expanding and deepening China-Africa cooperation and under the FOCAC framework, there have been various sub-forums spanning the fields of agriculture, science and technology, law, finance, culture, think tanks, youth, NGOs, women, media and local governments, some having been regularized, further enriching the content of FOCAC.

【The Chinese FOCAC Follow-up Committee】 In November 2000, the Chinese Follow-up Committee of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation was established, currently composed of 28 member departments or agencies, which are: the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Culture, International Department of the CPC Central Committee, National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Land and Resources, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Ministry of Transport (Civil Aviation Administration of China), Ministry of Agriculture, National Health and Family Planning Commission, People's Bank of China, General Administration of Customs, General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, State Administration of Press, Publication, Radio, Film and Television, National Tourism Administration, Information Office of the State Council, The State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development, Chinese Communist Youth League, China Council for Promotion of International Trade, China Development Bank, Export-Import Bank of China, Bank of China and People's Government of Beijing Municipality, with the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Commerce as the honorary chairmen and vice-ministers responsible for the related areas of the two ministries as chairmen. The Committee has a secretariat comprised of director general-level officials from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Culture with the director general of the Department of African Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as the secertary general, set up at the Deparment of African Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

FOCAC website : http ://www.focac.org.

【Major Events】I. 1st Ministerial Conference.

The First Ministerial Conference of FOCAC was held in Beijing from October 10 to 12, 2000. Some 80 ministers from China and 44 African states and representatives of 17 regional and international organizations and leaders from business communities of China and Africa attended the meeting. President Jiang Zemin and Premier Zhu Rongji of the People's Republic of China took part in and addressed the opening and closing ceremonies, respectively. The Organization of African Unity (predecessor of African Union) "troika", namely President Abdelaziz Bouteflika of the Democratic People's Republic of Algeria, previous OAU president, President Gnasinbe Eyadema of the Republic of Togo, current OAU President, and President Frederic Chiluba of the Republic of Zambia, OAU President in-waiting, and President Benjamin William Mkapa of the United Republic of Tanzania participated in and addressed the opening ceremony and Secretary-General of the Organization of African Unity Dr. Salim Ahmed Salim addressed the closing ceremony. The two topics of this meeting were "How to promote the establishment of a new international political and economic order in the 21st century" and "How to further strengthen Sino-African economic cooperation and trade under the new circumstances". The meeting adopted the Beijing Daclaration of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation and Programme for China-Africa Cooperation in Economic and Social Development, setting the course for China and African states to develop a new type of partnership for long-term stability, equality and mutaul benefit. The Chinese government announced meansures including the exemption of RMB 10 billion Yuan of debts of a number of the heavily indebted poor countries and least developed countries in Africa and the establishment of the Human Resources Development Fund for Africa.

II. 2nd Ministerial Conference

The 2nd Ministerial Conference of FOCAC was held from December 15 to 16, 2003 in Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia. Some 70 ministers from China and 44 African states and representatives of some regional and international organizations attended the meeting. Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, six African presidents, three vice presidents, two prime ministers, and one senate president as well as President Alpha Oumar Konare of the Commission of African Union and representative of the UN Secretary General participated in the opening ceremony and delivered speeches. The theme of the meeting was Pragmatic and Action-Oriented Cooperation. The meeting reviewed the follow-up actions since the 1st Ministerial Conference and adopted the FOCAC Addis Ababa Action Plan (2004-2006). The Chinese government announced that it would further increase assistance for Africa, pledging to train 10,000 professionals in various fields, and give zero-tariff treatment to products exported to China from some of the least developed countries in Africa.

III. Beijing Summit and 3rd Ministeral Conference

On November 3, 2006, the 3rd Ministerial Conference of FOCAC was held in Beijing to make final preparations for the upcoming Beijing Summit. The foreign ministers and ministers in charge of international economic cooperation or their representatives from China and 48 African states attended the conference. The representatives from 24 regional and international organizations sat in at the opening ceremony as observers.

On November 4 and 5, the FOCAC Beijing Summit was held in Beijing, with the theme of friendship, peace, cooperation and development. Chinese president Hu Jintao and 35 African heads of state, 6 heads of government, 1 vice-president and 6 high-level representatives and President Alpha Oumar Konare of the Commission of African Union were present at the Summit. The conference adopted the Declaration of the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, and Forum on China-Africa Cooperation-Beijing Action Plan (2007-2009), deciding to establish and develop a new type of strategic partnership featuring political equality and mutual trust, win-win economic cooperation and cultural exchanges. President Hu Jintao, on behalf of the Chinese government, announced 8 measures to strengthen practical cooperation between China and Africa to support national development in Africa, including increased assistance, provision of preferential loans and preferential export buyer's credit, establishment of the China-Africa Development Fund, offering assistance in building the AU conference center, debt and customs exemption, establishment of economic cooperation and trade zones, enhancement of human resources development and cooperation in education, health care and other areas for Africa. Premier Wen Jiabao together with 33 African heads of state took part in a high-levle dialogue with the business leaders.

IV. 4th Ministeral Conference

The 4th Ministerial Conference was held in Sharm el-Sheikh from November 8 to 9, 2009. Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, Egyptian President Mubarak, and 9 other African presidents, 3 prime ministers and 3 vice-presidents, 1 parliament speaker and President Jean Ping of the AU Commission were present and delivered speeches at the opening ceremony. The theme of the meeting is Deepen New Type of China-Africa Strategic Partnership for Sustainable Development. The conference deliberated the Chinese report on the follow-up actions after the Beijing Summit, and adopted the Declaration of Sharm el-Sheikh and Sharm el-Sheikh Action Plan (2010-2012), laying down plans for China-Africa cooperation in the next 3 years in political, economic, social, cultural and other fields. Premier Wen Jiabao, on behalf of the Chinese government, announced 8 new measures for China-Africa cooperation, covering agriculture, environmental protection, investment promotion, debt exemption, market access expansion, addressing climate change, scientific and technological cooperation, health care, education, cultural exchanges and other areas.

V. 5th Ministerial Conference

From July 19 to 20, 2012, the 5th Ministerial Conference of FOCAC was held in Beijing. Chinese president Hu Jintao and 6 African presidents, 2 prime ministers, the Forum's co-chair and special envoy of the president of Egypt, and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon graced the opening ceremony with their presence. 50 foreign ministers and ministers responsible for international economic cooperation or their representatives from China and African states attended the conference. The representatives of some international and African regional organizations sat in at the opening ceremony and conference as observers. Themed around Open up New Prospects for New Type of China-Africa Strategic Partnership, the conference reviewed the Chinese report on the follow-up actions since the 4th Ministerial Conference, and adopted the Beijing Declaration of the 5th Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation and the 5th Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation Beijing Action Plan (2013-2015), making comprehensive plans for the development of China-Africa relations in the following 3 years and priority areas for cooperation, and decided that the 6th Ministerial Conference would be held in South Africa in 2015.

President Hu Jintao delivered key-note speech entitled Open up New Prospects for a New Type of China-Africa Strategic Partnership at the opening ceremony, at which he also announced, on behalf of the Chinese government, a series of new measures in the next 3 years to support Africa's peaceful development and strengthen China-Africa cooperation in five major areas of investment and financing, assistance, African integration, non-governmental exchanges and peace and security, including China providing 20 billion dollars of credit line to African countries to assist their development of infrastructure, agriculture, manufacturing and small and medium-sized enterprises; continuing to increase assistance to Africa and building more agricultural technology demonstration centers as necessary; helping Africa train 30,000 personnel in various sectors; offering 18,000 government scholarships, and building cultural and vocational skills training facilities in African countries; deepening medical and health care cooperation by sending 1,500 medical personnel to and continuing to perform the Brightness Operation offering free treatment to cataract patients in Africa; continuing to carry out well-drilling and water supply projects in Africa to provide safe drinking water for the African people; establishing transnational and trans-regional infrastructural development partnership by supporting the related project planning and feasibility studies and encouraging established Chinese companies and financial institutions to take part in the transnational and trans-regional infrastructural development in Africa. China also proposed to carry out the China-Africa People-to-People Friendship Action; set up the China-Africa Press Exchange Center in China; continue to implement the China-Africa Joint Research and Exchange Program to sponsor 100 projects of research, exchange and cooperation involving academic institutions and scholars from the two sides; launch the Initiative on China-Africa Cooperative Partnership for Peace and Security to deepen cooperation with the AU and African countries in African peace and security by providing financial support for the AU peace-keeping missions and development of the African Standby Force, and train more AU peace and security officials and peace-keepers.

As supplementary actions to the Ministerial Conference, the 2nd China-Africa People's Forum and 4th China-Africa Business Conference were respectively held at Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, from July 10 to 11, 2012 and in Beijing from July 18 to 19, 2012.

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