(Updated February 2018)

  【Official Name】Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

  【Area】1.1036 million k㎡

  【Population】105 million. There are over 80 different ethnic groups, and Oromo (40% of the population), Amhara (30%), Tigrayans (8%), Somali (6%) and Sidama (4%) are among the largest. 45% of the population are Ethiopian Orthodox, Muslim 40 to 45%, Protestant 5% and others practice indigenous religions. Amharic is recognized as the working language of the Federal Government. English is widely spoken. Major indigenous languages include Oromiffa and Tigrinya.

  【Capital】Addis Ababa, with a population of over 4 million (2016), an average annual temperature of 16℃ and annual precipitation of 1,237 mm

  【Head of State】President Mulatu Toshome was elected on 7 October 2013.

  【Holiday】Victory of Adwa Day (2 March); Downfall of the Derg (28 May); New Year (11September).

  【Geography and Climate】Ethiopia is a landlocked country in northeast Africa. Bordering Djibouti and Somali to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, Kenya to the south and Eritrea to the north. With two-thirds of its landbeingplateau at an average elevation of nearly 3,000 meters, Ethiopia is dubbed “Roof of Africa”.

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