Ambassador Ma Xinmin Publishes Article Titled China's Military Strength Aims at Defense on Sudan Vision
On November 19th, Chinese Ambassador to Sudan Ma Xinmin publishes an signature article titled China’s Military Strength Aims at Defense for the China Focus Column on Sudan Vision. The full text is as follows:
At the grand ceremony held at the Tian’anmen Square in Beijing on October 1, 2019 to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Chinese President Xi Jinping, also the general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and the chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC), delivered an important speech at the Tian’anmen Rostrum and reviewed the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). The military parade, showcasing the great power’s latest and modernest weapons that impressed the world, was the first overall demonstration of Chinese armed forces after the comprehensive reform and restructuring in recent years. People all over the world cannot help but ask, what is the purpose of China’s strengthening its military?
China’s strong military is built under the defense policy that is defensive in nature. No matter what stage of development China reaches, it will never pursue hegemony or expansion, nor will it seek to create spheres of influence. Instead, China adheres to principles of defense, self-defense and post-strike response, keeps to the stance that “we will not attack unless we are attacked, but we will surely counterattack if attacked”, and pursues a nuclear strategy of self-defense. The socialist system of China, the strategic decision to follow the path of peaceful development, the independent foreign policy of peace, and the best of cultural traditions – considering peace and harmony as fundamentals – determine that China pursues a national defense policy defensive in nature. Since its founding 70 years ago, China has never started any war or any conflict. History proves and will continue to prove that China will never follow the beaten track of big powers in seeking hegemony.
China's strong military aims to safeguard its territorial sovereignty, national security and maritime rights and interests. With a land border of more than 22,000 kilometers and a coastline of over 18,000 kilometers, China surpasses most countries in the number of neighbors, the length of land border, and the complexity of maritime security--China’s homeland still faces security threats; land territorial disputes are yet to be completely resolved; disputes still exist over the territorial sovereignty of the South China Sea, the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea, as well as maritime demarcation. Taking resolutely safeguarding China’s sovereignty, security and development interests as the fundamental goal of China’s national defense in the new era, China’s armed forces maintain a rigorous guard against encroachments, sabotages and/or embarrassments, so as to safeguard its border security and stability and to deter and resist aggression
China's strong military aims to oppose and contain separatist forces for “Taiwan independence”. China has not yet achieved complete reunification. Solving the Taiwan problem remains the fundamental interests of the Chinese people and thus unavoidable in realizing the Great Rejuvenation. The Chinese government adheres to the principles of “peaceful reunification” and “one country, two systems” and resolutely opposes any attempts or actions to split the country and/or any foreign interference to this end. If anyone attempts to separate Taiwan from China, the armed forces of China, in order to safeguard the national unity, with all its resolution, will defeat it, at all costs.
China's strong military aims to counter terrorism and to maintain stability. Since 1990, terrorist, extremist and separatist forces have launched thousands of terrorist attacks in China, killing large numbers of innocent people and causing immeasurable damage to property. In addition, separatist forces for “Tibet independence” and the creation of “East Turkistan” pose threats to China’s national security and social stability. In order to secure the ordinary people’s right to live and work in peace, according to law and situation requirements, China’s armed forces participated and will participate in operations, only to maintain social order, to prevent and combat violence and terrorism, and to prevent and respond to potential threats to national security and social order. Since 2014, China’s armed forces have assisted the government of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in taking out 1,588 violent terrorist gangs and capturing 12,995 terrorists.
China's strong military aims to safeguard its overseas interests. Overseas interests are a crucial part of China’s national strategic interests. China’s overseas interests are endangered by immediate threats such as international and regional turmoil, terrorism, and piracy. Chinese diplomatic missions, enterprises and personnel around the world have been attacked on several occasions. One of the missions of China’s armed forces is to effectively protect the security and legitimate rights and interests of overseas Chinese people, organizations and institutions. China’s armed forces actively promotes international security and military cooperation and refines relevant mechanisms for protecting China’s overseas interests; develops overseas logistical facilities, and enhances capabilities in accomplishing diversified military tasks; carries out overseas evacuation and maritime rights protection operations..
China's strong military aims to safeguard international and regional peace and security. As one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, China should shoulder a major responsibility for safeguarding international and regional peace and security. China actively participates in addressing international hot spot issues, and also actively supports and participates in the UN peacekeeping operations. As a major contributor to the UN peacekeeping budget and the largest troop contributing country among the permanent members of the UN Security Council, as of December 2018, China has participated in 24 UN peacekeeping missions and has contributed 39,918 peacekeepers. Over the past 10 years, the Chinese government has deployed naval ships to carry out regular vessel protection operations in the Gulf of Aden and the waters off the coast of Somalia. They have provided security protection for over 6,600 Chinese and foreign ships, and rescued, protected or assisted over 70 ships in distress. Moreover, China’s armed forces take an active part in the international efforts for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief and make concerted efforts to respond to global challenges such as terrorism, cyber-security and major natural disasters, thus making a positive contribution to building a community with a shared future for mankind.
The strengthening and development of China’s armed forces contributes to the strengthening and growth of the world’s peaceful forces. China strengthens its military, aiming to meet the big country’s rightful needs for the development of national defense, which also contributes to the world peace, stability and prosperity. The so-called “China threat” theory and the alleged pursuit of “hegemony” are purely groundless and thus do not stand up to scrutiny.