Ambassador Ma Xinmin Publishes Article Titled What is the Spirit Behind the Institutional Strengths of China's Governance? on Sudan Vision
On December 4th, Chinese Ambassador to Sudan Ma Xinmin publishes an signature article titled What is the Spirit Behind the Institutional Strengths of China’s Governance? for the China Focus Column on Sudan Vision. The full text is as follows:
On November 5, 2019, Decision On Some Major Issues Concerning How To Further Uphold And Improve The System Of Socialism With Chinese Characteristics And to Advance The Modernization Of China’s System And Governance Capacity, adopted at the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, was made public. It summarized in 13 aspects, for the first time, the notable strengths of the socialism with Chinese characteristics and China’s governance, and is regarded as a milestone document for construction of China’s state and governance systems.
As a Chinese saying goes, “People with petty shrewdness attend to trivial matters, while people with great vision attend to institutions building”. The notable strengths of China’s state and governance systems in 13 aspects, including CPC’s centralized and unified leadership, the running of the country by the people, the application of law-based governance at all fronts, overall planning, equity of all ethnic groups, the system of socialist market economy, common cultural belief, people-oriented development, reform and innovation, the philosophy of pooling all kinds of talent and putting them to the best use, CPC’s absolute leadership over the armed forces, the system of “One country, Two systems”, and emphasis on both the independent foreign policy of peace and opening up to the world, present a systematic summarizing of China’s experience in state governance, abounding in rich and profound ideas and values.
The first is upholding the CPC’s centralized and unified leadership. As the fundamental leadership system in China, the CPC’s centralized and unified leadership is the defining feature and the greatest strength of socialism with Chinese characteristics. “The CPC exercises overall leadership over all areas of endeavor in every part of the country”. Various notable strengths, ranging from the strength that can arouse the enthusiasm of all sides involved and bring together the resources necessary to take on great tasks, the strength that comes from selecting and putting to the best use upright and competent officials and cultivating larger groups of talent with both professional ability and moral integrity, to the strength that upholds the CPC’s leadership over the armed forces to ensure the absolute loyalty of the latter to the party and the people and effectively safeguard national sovereignty, national security and national development interests, cannot be possible without the CPC’s centralized and unified leadership. The CPC’s leadership over concerted efforts from the people to take on great tasks, leadership over talents, and leadership over the armed forces are what the centralized and unified leadership is about.
The second is upholding the people-centered principle. As a Chinese saying goes, “Bringing benefit to the people is the fundamental principle of governance”. The people-oriented idea is embodied through various notable institutional strengths of “China’s governance” that come from ensuring the people run the country, upholding equity, solidarity and shared prosperity of all ethnic groups, being committed to unleash and develop productivity, pursuing people-oriented development, and pooling all kinds of talent and putting them to the best use. As the people are the country’s foundation, state governance needs to focus on the people’s needs. “China’s governance” which is deeply rooted in the people and is for the people, relies on, benefits and protects the people.
The third is upholding the law-based governance. As an old Chinese saying goes, “State governance relies on criteria and national stability depends on norms”. Law plays as the supreme and the most important discipline for state governance and also represents an inherent requirement of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The notable strength formed by upholding the law-based governance in all fields to build a socialist country governed by the rule of law and effectively ensure social equity and justice and people’s rights, gives a vivid expression to the rule of law philosophy.
The fourth is upholding the philosophy of invigorating China through culture. Culture is the soul of a country and the soul of a nation. When culture is booming, a country will achieve prosperity; when culture becomes stronger, a nation will grow more powerful. China’s state systems are deeply rooted in the Chinese culture that is shaped by all ethnic groups in China. Chinese culture is the cultural wealth and spiritual home shared by all ethnic groups and a powerful source of strength for the lasting development of the Chinese nation. It is the philosophy of invigorating China through culture, part of China’s governance theories, that is embodied in the notable strength that comes from reinforcing the communal strength of the Chinese nation, adhering to common ideals, values and ethics and promoting the spiritual solidarity of all Chinese people.
The fifth is upholding the principle of freeing minds and seeking truth from facts. As a Chinese saying goes, “A wise man changes as time and events do”. Both the notable strength that comes from combining Chinese socialism and the market economy system to unleash and develop productivity and the notable strength that comes from upholding “one country, two systems” to ensure long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao and promote the peaceful reunification of the motherland give a vivid expression to the principle of freeing minds and seeking truth from facts. It is based on this guideline that China, in the light of the realities, and in consideration of history and present circumstances, manages to resolve a series of intractable issues in a creative manner.
The sixth is staying committed to reform, opening-up and innovation. Chinese systems are open and inclusive, with a strong capacity for self-improvement. Over the past seven decades since its founding, China has adhered to reform and innovation and kept up with the times. The notable strength that comes from stimulating social vitality via self-improvement and self-development brings China to the track of reform and opening up and enables it to establish the system of socialist market economy. Upholding and improving the basic economic system whereby public ownership plays a dominant role and economic entities under diverse forms of ownership develop side by side, and the distribution system whereby distribution according to labor is dominant and a variety of other modes of distribution exist alongside it, fosters the flourishing economic and social progress in China and reflect the significant role of the philosophy of reform, opening-up and innovation.
The seventh is valuing peace and caring for the humanity common good. Chinese diplomacy has always been committed to world peace and the common good of the humanity. The ethical views of valuing peace, caring for the humanity good and advocating harmony among nations are deeply rooted in the 5000-year-old civilization of the Chinese nation. With adherence to the independent foreign policy of peace, China has taken an active part in global governance and kept making contributions to the building of a community with a shared future for the humanity. The reason of this notable strength lies in the commitment to the philosophy of valuing peace and caring for the humanity common good.
As a Chinese saying goes, “State governance and harmony among people require a set of efficient institutions”. Just as there is no end to the development of practice, there can be no end to institutional innovation. With ongoing reform and innovation, China’s state and governance systems will surely witness ongoing improvement.