Forum on China-Africa Cooperation Dakar Action Plan (2022-2024)

Source:MFA 2021-12-22

2021-11-30 23:22

The 8th Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation  (FOCAC) was held in Dakar, Senegal, from November 29th to 30th 2021. The  Conference adopted Forum on China-Africa Cooperation Dakar Action Plan  (2022-2024) on 30th. FULL TEXT:

Table of Contents

1. Preamble

2. Political Cooperation

2.1 High-level Visits and Dialogue

2.2 Exchanges Between Political Parties, Legislatures, Consultative Bodies  and Local Governments

2.3 China, the African Union and Africa’s Sub-regional Organizations

2.4 International Cooperation

3. Economic Cooperation

3.1 Agriculture, Food Security and Food Safety

3.2 Infrastructure Development

3.3 Industrial Partnership and Production Capacity Cooperation

3.4 Investment and Economic Cooperation

3.5 Trade

3.6 Customs and Market Supervision

3.7 Digital Economy

3.8 Finance

4. Social Development Cooperation

4.1 Development Cooperation

4.2 Medical Care and Public Health

4.3 Education and Human Resources

4.4 Cooperation and Exchanges on Poverty Reduction and Rural Development

4.5 Science and Technology Cooperation and Knowledge Sharing

4.6 Cyber Security Cooperation

5. Cultural and People-to-People Exchanges

5.1 Tourism

5.2 Culture

5.3 Press and Media

5.4 Academia and Think Tanks

5.5 Sub-national and People-to-People Exchanges

5.6 Youth and Women

6. Peace and Security Cooperation

6.1 Military, Police, Counter-terrorism and Law Enforcement

6.2 Anti-corruption, Consular Affairs, Immigration and Judiciary

7. Green Development

7.1 Ecological Protection and Climate Response

7.2 Maritime Cooperation

7.3 Cooperation on Energy and Natural Resources

8. Experience Sharing on State Governance

9. FOCAC Institutional Development

1. Preamble

1.1 The 8th Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation  (FOCAC) was held in Dakar from November 29th to 30th 2021. The Heads of  Delegation of China and the Heads of Delegation of 53 African countries and the  Chairperson of the African Union Commission (hereinafter referred to as “the two  sides”) attended the Conference.

1.2 The two sides commend the development of relations between China and  Africa, and believe that over the past 21 years since its inception, the Forum  has strongly promoted the development of relations between China and Africa,  and become an important benchmark for international cooperation with Africa.

1.3 The two sides are satisfied with the effective implementation of the  eight major initiatives launched during the 2018 Beijing Summit, and will  continue to pursue the vision of innovative, coordinated, green and open  development for all, promote high-quality China-Africa cooperation, and work in  concert to defeat COVID-19 and advance post-pandemic economic recovery.

1.4 The two sides acknowledge that China, the largest developing country, has  achieved the goal of building of a moderately prosperous society in all  respects and is striving to realize its second centenary goal and the Chinese  dream of national rejuvenation, and that African countries are endeavoring to  build an integrated, prosperous and peaceful continent. China and Africa are  committed to further enhancing their comprehensive strategic and cooperative  partnership and building an even stronger China-Africa community with a shared  future.

1.5 The two sides undertake to create synergy between the China-Africa  Cooperation Vision 2035,  the Long-Range Goals for 2035 of China, the 2030  Agenda for Sustainable Development of the United Nations, and the Agenda 2063 of  the African Union, thus drawing a long-term blueprint for China-Africa practical  cooperation. China and Africa will make joint efforts to turn the vision into  reality.

1.6 Africa supports the Global Development Initiative proposed by China.  African countries will favorably consider joining the initiative and make joint  efforts to accelerate the global implementation of the UN 2030 Agenda for  Sustainable Development.

1.7 China welcomes African countries joining the big family of Belt and  Road cooperation. China and Africa will continue to uphold the principle of  extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, follow the  philosophy of open, green and clean cooperation, and advance high-standard,  people-centered and sustainable Belt and Road cooperation.

1.8 To implement the outcomes of the Conference, and chart the course of  China-Africa friendly and mutually beneficial cooperation in various fields in  the next three and even more years under the theme of “Deepening the  Sino-African Partnership and Promoting Sustainable Development to Build a  China-Africa Community with a Shared Future in the New Era”, the two sides  jointly formulated and adopted by consensus this Action Plan.

1.9 China and Africa will work closely to further upgrade and improve the  quality of China-Africa cooperation. To this end, the two sides will implement  the nine programs, namely the  the medical and health program, the poverty  reduction and agricultural development program, the trade promotion program, the  investment promotion program, the digital innovation program, the green  development program, the capacity building program, the cultural and  people-to-people exchange program, and the peace and security program. Relevant  content will be reflected in the following articles of this Action Plan.

2. Political Cooperation

2.1 High-level  Visits and Dialogue

2.1.1 The two sides will maintain close high-level exchanges to deepen  traditional friendship, enhance political mutual trust, strengthen strategic  coordination and cement the political foundation of China-Africa relations.  China appreciates African leaders’ warm congratulations on the centenary of the  Communist Party of China (CPC), and commends African leaders for attending the  CPC and World Political Parties Summit.

2.1.2 The two sides will deepen experience sharing on state governance. China  supports African countries in independently exploring development paths suited  to their national conditions, and supports their efforts in formulating national  development strategies, strengthening governing capacity and improving state  governance. China and Africa will continue to share development experience, and  enhance coordination of development philosophies and ideas in the process of  cooperation.

2.1.3 To improve the planning and implementation of strategies regarding  China-Africa relations and cooperation, the two sides agree to improve  mechanisms such as the Bi-National Commissions (BNC), the intergovernmental  commissions, the strategic dialogues, the foreign ministries’ political  consultations, the joint/mixed commissions on economic and trade cooperation as  well as joint working groups, and the steering committees. The two sides agree  to hold a coordinators' meeting on the implementation of the outcomes of the  FOCAC Dakar Conference in due course.

2.2 Exchanges  Between Political Parties, Legislatures, Consultative Bodies and Local  Governments

2.2.1 The two sides will further strengthen high-level exchanges between  Chinese and African political parties, improve bilateral and multilateral  political dialogues such as the China-Africa Political Parties Theoretical  Seminar, and deepen experience sharing and mutual learning on state  governance.

2.2.2 The two sides will strengthen exchanges and cooperation between the  leadership, special committees, and bilateral friendship groups of the National  People’s Congress of China and parliaments of African countries to enhance  mutual understanding and friendship and promote exchanges and mutual learning in  such areas as legislation.

2.2.3 The two sides will encourage the National People’s Congress of China  and parliaments of African countries to jointly hold bilateral and multilateral  seminars, strengthen human resources cooperation, and promote capacity building  of legislative bodies.

2.2.4 The National People’s Congress of China will strengthen friendly  engagements with African regional parliament organizations, including the  Pan-African Parliament and the African Parliamentary Union, and work closer with  African parliaments in the Inter-Parliamentary Union and other multilateral  institutions, so as to safeguard common interests and international fairness and  justice.

2.2.5 The two sides will expand and strengthen exchanges and cooperation  between the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative  Conference (CPPCC) and parliaments of African countries, sub-regional  parliaments of Africa, the Pan-African Parliament and the African Parliamentary  Union.

2.2.6 The two sides will promote exchanges between the China-Africa  Friendship Group of the National Committee of the CPPCC and relevant  institutions and friendly personages in various organizations of African  countries, the African Union and African regional organizations.

2.2.7 The two sides will deepen exchanges between the China Economic and  Social Council and the AU Economic, Social and Cultural Council (ECOSCOCC),  economic and social councils of African countries and other relevant  institutions.

2.2.8 The two sides will further strengthen exchanges between local  governments, encourage the establishment of more sister provinces/cities  relations, improve the mechanism of China-Africa Forum on Cooperation Between  Local Governments, and promote deeper and more concrete China-Africa  sub-national cooperation.

2.3 China,  the African Union and Africa’s Sub-regional Organizations

2.3.1 The two sides recognize the important role of the African Union in  safeguarding peace and stability and promoting the integration of Africa. China  commends the new progress made by Africa in seeking strength through unity, and  notes the important results achieved in the institutional reform of the African  Union. The African side appreciates China’s efforts and contributions in  promoting peace, stability and development in Africa.

2.3.2 The two sides agree to consolidate and strengthen China’s cooperation  with the African Union and its affiliated institutions and Africa’s sub-regional  organizations, to continue holding the China-African Union Strategic Dialogue,  and to strengthen communication and coordination between China and Africa’s  sub-regional organizations, so that China-Africa transnational and  trans-regional cooperation will deliver more outcomes.

2.3.3 The African side commends China for supporting the African Union and  Africa’s sub-regional organizations in upgrading public service facilities,  improving office conditions and enhancing public service capacity. China will  continue to support the capacity building of the African Union and  Africa’s sub-regional organizations.

2.3.4 China notes with appreciation that the African Continental Free Trade  Area (AfCFTA) has entered the implementation stage, and will set up an expert  group on economic cooperation with the secretariat of the AfCFTA, and continue  to support the development of the free trade area and the Secretariat of the  AfCFTA .

2.4 International  Cooperation

2.4.1 China and Africa are of the view that the world is undergoing profound  changes unseen in a century and has entered a period of turbulence and  transformation, while the COVID-19 pandemic accelerates the evolution of the  international landscape. At the same time, peace, development and win-win  cooperation remain the trend of our times, and countries are increasingly  interconnected and interdependent. The two sides are committed to building a  community with a shared future for mankind, to building an open, inclusive,  clean and beautiful world that enjoys lasting peace, universal security and  common prosperity, to fostering a new type of international relations featuring  mutual respect, fairness, justice and win-win cooperation, and to  safeguarding the common interests of the Chinese and African people.

2.4.2 The two sides will continue to support each other in international  affairs and major international elections. The two sides reaffirm their  commitment to upholding the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, the  authority of the UN and true multilateralism. The two sides will continue to  step up coordination and collaboration at the United Nations and other  multilateral institutions, strengthen cooperation in such areas as maintaining  peace and security and promoting sustainable development, push the international  order toward greater equity and justice, and act on the common values  of humanity, namely peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy and  freedom.

2.4.3 The two sides are committed to strengthening cooperation in the field  of human rights, to jointly opposing politicization of human rights issues or  interfering in others’ internal affairs as prescribed in the UN Charter , and to  promoting the healthy development of the international cause of human  rights.

2.4.4 The two sides emphasize that tracing the origins of COVID-19 is a  serious scientific issue that should be carried out cooperatively  by scientists across the world. The two sides firmly oppose politicizing  origins-tracing or using the issue as a tool to stigmatize others. The African  side commends China’s active participation in global origins-tracing research,  especially its close cooperation with the WHO, and welcomes the Joint Report of  the WHO-convened Global Study of Origins of SARS-CoV-2: China Part released by  the WHO in March 2021.

2.4.5 The two sides stress that it is important to carry out more extensive  and in-depth research on origins-tracing at a global level on the basis of the  conclusions and recommendations of the report, in accordance with the  relevant resolution of the World Health Assembly, and through close cooperation  of parties concerned, so as to provide safeguards for mankind to completely  defeat the pandemic and forestall future risks.

2.4.6 The two sides are committed to promoting the sustained and  sound development of the Olympic Movement, and oppose the politicization of  sports. The African side supports China in hosting the Beijing 2022 Olympic and  Paralympic Winter Games and is ready to strengthen cooperation and exchanges  with China in the field of sports.

2.4.7 China actively supports African countries in implementing the 2030  Agenda for Sustainable Development, and is prepared to use the China-UN Peace  and Development Trust Fund and the South-South Cooperation Assistance Fund to  support African countries in pursuing sustainable development.

2.4.8 China will stay in close communication with African countries under the  frameworks of the Group of 77 plus China, the United Nations Economic and Social  Council as well as the Second Committee of the United Nations General  Assembly, and maintain coordination and cooperation in areas such as poverty  reduction, food security, COVID response and vaccines, climate change and green  development, connectivity, digital economy, industrialization, and financing for  development, so as to safeguard the common interests of developing  countries.

2.4.9 The two sides believe that Africa is a major partner for international  cooperation, not an arena for big power rivalry. They call on more countries and  organizations, especially Africa’s traditional partners, to join the Initiative  on Partnership for Africa’s Development launched by China and some African  countries, with a view to creating effective synergy among the international  community to enhance Africa’s quest for sustainable development. On the basis of  mutual partnership, China is prepared to conduct third-party and multi-party  cooperation with relevant sides.

2.4.10 China and Africa will work together to uphold the multilateral trading  system with the WTO at its core and foster an open world economy. They support  necessary reform of the WTO and greater liberalization and facilitation of  international trade and investment to better safeguard the development rights  and interests of developing countries and their space for development. They call  for an early resumption of normal functioning of WTO’s dispute settlement  mechanism and efforts to increase the authority and effectiveness of the  multilateral trading system.

3. Economic Cooperation

3.1 Agriculture,  Food Security and Food Safety

3.1.1 The two sides will give full play to the China-Africa agricultural  cooperation mechanism, hold the second Forum on China-Africa Cooperation in  Agriculture, and convene the first meeting of the China-AU Joint Committee on  Agricultural Cooperation, to innovate cooperation methods, enrich the content of  cooperation, and ensure the effective implementation of agricultural cooperation  in fields of shared interest.

3.1.2 The two sides will further strengthen food security  cooperation by giving full play to the China-AU coordination mechanism for Belt  and Road cooperation and making good use of the South-South Cooperation  Assistance Fund. The two sides will launch trials in such areas as reduction of  post-harvest grain loss in light of the AU’s needs and China’s strengths, in  order to support African countries to improve their food supply capacity  with existing production capabilities.

3.1.3 The two sides will support leveraging the various economic and trade  cooperation zones in Africa to advance cooperation across the whole industrial  chain of agro-products, covering planting, processing and selling, so as to  jointly enhance Africa’s capacity for localized processing of agro-products and  increase the added value of agro-products. The two sides will work to improve  the conditions of roads linking urban and rural areas, small water management  and irrigation facilities in villages and townships, food storage and basic  processing facilities, renewable energy power facilities, and small agricultural  mechanization equipment in African countries.

3.1.4 China will continue to strengthen cooperation and exchanges with Africa  in fishery and support promoting the development of the fishery industry  of Africa to the best of its ability. The African side will introduce policies  that are more conducive to China-Africa fishery cooperation to attract more  investment from China and deliver mutually beneficial outcomes through  cooperation.

3.1.5 China will actively expand the import of quality speciality agri-food  products from Africa and open “green lanes” for African agricultural exports to  China, speed up the inspection and quarantine procedures. The two sides will  continue to step up collaboration in building a China-Africa Incubation  Center for E-commerce in Agricultural Products. The two sides will better  facilitate connections between Chinese and African agricultural  enterprises and smooth out the channels for agricultural trade and investment,  further expand bilateral trade of quality agricultural products as well as the  types and scale of investment and support the efforts of Chinese businesses to  invest in and build agricultural industrial parks in Africa.

3.1.6 The two sides will give full play to the agricultural technology  demonstration centers already established in Africa to strengthen personnel  training and exchanges as well as agricultural technology trials and  demonstrations, and speed up the integrated application of technological  outcomes suited to the agricultural conditions of African countries. The two  sides will conduct cooperation on the development and utilization of Juncao,  hybrid rice, hybrid millet and other technologies.

3.1.7 China will sign a memorandum of understanding with the African  Development Bank (AfDB) in order to share China’s experience in agro-products  processing with African countries through the platform of AfDB and provide  technological support for agro-products processing zones in Africa.

3.1.8 China will send 500 agricultural experts to African countries to carry  out plan making, policy consultation, technical demonstration, on-site teaching  and capacity training. China will support the development of  peasants’ schools and hold thematic skill training sessions for African rural  development leaders in China, in order to support Africa to train local leaders  of rural development and foster a talent pool for Africa’s agricultural and  rural development. China will continue to implement the plan for cultivating  African young pioneers in agricultural scientific research, and set up a number  of China-Africa joint centers for modern agrotechnology exchange, demonstration  and training in China.

3.1.9 The two sides will strengthen science and technology cooperation in  areas such as sustainable agriculture, water-saving irrigation, grain loss  reduction, and climate response in agriculture, and establish a China-Africa  seed technology research and innovation platform and a joint research center for  digital agriculture. China will invite African experts and scientific research  personnel to China to receive education with academic degrees or engage  in cooperative research programs, and support African countries to build up  capacity in agricultural production technology and quarantine inspection of  agro-products, in order to support Africa to improve its composite agricultural  production capacity and better manage food security challenges in the  post-pandemic era.

3.1.10 China will support market-based investment in Africa’s agricultural  industry, support African countries in enhancing their capacity for independent  agricultural development, and invest in grain and cash crop production projects  in such forms as greenfield investment, equity participation, mergers and  acquisitions, and leasing, in order to extend the scope of Chinese agricultural  investment in Africa from planting to warehousing, logistics, processing, and  international trade.

3.1.11 The African side commends China for providing the emergency food aid  and assistance to some African countries affected by the locust plague, which  reduced the food security pressure and alleviated the humanitarian crisis in  these countries. China will continue to provide emergency humanitarian food  assistance to African countries.

 3.2 Infrastructure  Development

3.2.1 Africa applauds China’s partnership and cooperation in Africa’s  infrastructural development. Both sides note the persistent infrastructural gap  in Africa and pledge to resolve the problem by encouraging and  promoting innovative and favorable Chinese financial  support in infrastructural  projects in Africa over the next three years.The two sides, where  applicable, will prioritize to create synergy between China-Africa  infrastructural cooperation with the second Priority Action Plan of the  programme in Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA-PAPII) and the  Presidential Infrastructure Championing Initiative (PICI). The two sides will  step up mutually beneficial cooperation in the planning, design, construction,  operation, maintenance and good governance of infrastructure projects, in order  to support African countries to continuously improve infrastructure. 

3.2.2. China will continue to contribute to Africa’s infrastructure  development following the principle of extensive consultation, joint  contribution, shared benefits, no-harm and harmony, and support Chinese  enterprises in contributing to the improvement and development of Africa’s  infrastructure with advanced equipment, technologies, standards and services,  promoting connectivity and providing innovative financing. China will undertake  10 connectivity assistance projects for Africa.

3.2.3 China and Africa will encourage Chinese enterprises to,  through Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) and trilateral and multilateral  cooperation, conduct connectivity and other projects in Africa, including those  linked to the lntegrated High Speed Train Network, the Single African  Air-Transport Market (SAATM), the Pan-African E-network and Cyber Security.

3.2.4 The two sides will explore promoting alignment and mutual recognition  of green and sustainable development standards under the framework of the Belt  and Road Initiative (BRI), give full play to the BRI International Green  Development Coalition to enhance cooperation in green technology  research and energy-efficient buildings and facilities.

3.2.5 China encourages and supports competent Chinese enterprises to invest  in African ports, airports and airlines. The African side welcomes such  investment. Both sides support Chinese and African airlines and shipping  companies in opening more flights and shipping services connecting China and  Africa.

3.2.6 China encourages Chinese enterprises to use joint ventures with African  partners, employ more local workers at all levels and use more local materials  and manufactured products during the development and execution of infrastructure  projects.

3.2.7 Both sides will deepen their commitment to increase the training of  African professionals - including women - in all the domains that fall under  infrastructure connectivity initiative in Africa, including the development and  management of construction projects, the construction and operation of power  projects, management of High Speed Train Networks, shipping, investment projects  and finance resource management.

3.2.8 China supports Africa in developing the Single African Air Transport  Market. The two sides will support each other in realizing the targets set for  aviation market access, actively study the feasibility of concluding an  agreement, and enhance cooperation in aviation market access.

3.2.9 China and Africa commit to further strengthening and expanding the  civil aviation market in both Africa and China through market reforms, the  transfer of aviation technology, capacity building and reiterates the proposal  for the construction of an Africa-China civil aviation Academy in Africa, to  meet ICAO standards and follow ICAO’s recommended practices, with a view  to jointly advancing Africa’s regional aviation development.

3.2.10 The two sides will, in recognition of the strategic and far-reaching  impact of information and communication technology (ICT) on economic and social  development, enhance exchanges and cooperation, encourage and support their  companies in participating and partnering in the building of ICT infrastructure  including the optical fiber cable backbone network, cross-border connectivity,  international undersea cable, new-generation mobile network, and data center,  and carry out mutually beneficial cooperation in infrastructure construction,  operation and services.

3.2.11 The two sides will deepen cooperation in the field of logistics, and  harness modern ICT and enhance logistic information sharing, so as to jointly  build African logistic infrastructure, and provide stable and smooth logistics  services for China-Africa trade. The two sides will strengthen information  exchange and technological cooperation, promote alignment of transportation  infrastructure standards and mutual recognition of transport technologies and  professional qualifications of management personnel.

3.2.12 The two sides recognize that global coordination and integration of  radio frequency and satellite orbit resources are conducive to the in-depth  information technology cooperation and the global development of relevant  industries. Under the framework of the International Telecommunication Union  (ITU), the two sides will enhance communication and cooperation in the field of  radio spectrum management and actively coordinate their positions on topics of  mutual interest in the World Radio communication Conference (WRC).

3.3 Industrial Partnership and Production  Capacity Cooperation

3.3.1 Building on the industrial promotion initiative launched in 2018, and  the China-Africa industrial plan and agricultural modernization plans launched  in 2015, as well as from the African side the newly launched AfCFTA, the African  Union's continental ten-year plan frameworks in particular the Comprehensive  Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), Africa Mining Vision (AMV) and  Accelerated lndustrial Development for Africa (AIDA), China reiterates its  commitment to seeing inclusive growth in Africa to achieve its aspiration to  become the world's third largest economy by 2063.

3.3.2 The two sides will make best use of industrial capacity cooperation  mechanisms, continue to improve the cooperation mechanism featuring enterprises  as the mainstay, market operation and government guidance, and draw on the  complementarity of their development needs to promote upgrading of China-Africa  cooperation projects to realize cluster, scale, industrialized and localized  development, thus leveling up the productive capacity of African  countries. China will undertake 10 industrialization and employment promotion  assistance projects for Africa.

3.3.3 The two sides will take into account African countries’ disparity in  natural endowments and industrial development levels, enhance production  capacity cooperation in light of local realities in such fields of  resource-intensive sectors (e.g., food, drink, tobacco, timber, building  materials), labor-intensive sectors (e.g., textile, garment, leather, metal),  technology- or capital-intensive sectors (e.g., pharmaceutical, chemical,  automobile, machinery, equipment manufacturing, electronic, science and  technology), and encourage enterprises to explore extending to emerging areas  such as modern services, new energy development, green manufacturing, and  information and communication sectors.

3.3.4 The two sides will continue to support Chinese enterprises in  increasing investments in medium and high-technology manufacturing, energy and  electricity, digital infrastructure development, digital economy and aviation  and aerospace sectors, to help add to African countries’ foreign exchange  reserves, facilitate technology transfer, remove supply chain bottlenecks and  create more opportunities for diversified economic development of African  countries.

3.3.5 The two sides will continue to support expansion of industrial chains  in the mining industry, increase investment in smelt, processing and other  upstream and downstream sectors of mining industry as well as electricity,  transportation and other supporting infrastructure, launch mineral processing  projects in African countries, and build resource-development cooperation zones  to promote local industrial development and support translating resource  endowments into advantages of economic development.

3.3.6 The two sides appreciate the role of economic cooperation zones in  galvanizing and boosting industrial development, and will actively support its  construction and development, and provide service and guidance for building and  upgrading economic cooperation zones in Africa. China supports upgrading of  economic cooperation zones in Africa to China-Africa demonstration areas for  industrial and supply chains cooperation, and will continue to encourage Chinese  enterprises to actively engage in construction, operation, and investment of  economic and trade cooperation zones in Africa.

3.3.7 The two sides support enhancing policy guidance and information  services to small and medium-sized enterprises, and encourage them to strengthen  complementarity and carry out exchanges in transformation and upgrading of  traditional manufacturing, inter-regional coordination and cooperation, and  other areas. China would like to invite enterprises organized by African  countries to international exhibitions including the China Small and Medium  Enterprises Fair, to jointly promote exchanges and cooperation of enterprises  from both sides.

3.3.8 The two sides agree to leverage a bigger role of the Corporate Social  Responsibility Alliance of Chinese Companies in Africa to encourage Chinese  enterprises to actively fulfill social responsibilities over community  development, localized management, environmental protection, energy conservation  and emission reduction, and public services. China encourages Chinese  enterprises in Africa to level up localization and generate more job  opportunities for the local people.

3.3.9 The two sides support more exchanges on the reform and development of  state-owned assets and enterprises. The two sides will enhance experience  sharing in state-owned assets regulation and management, encourage exploration  and adoption of SOE reform path suited to the country’s development strategy and  reality, and promote improvement of the management mechanism of state-owned  enterprises to raise operational efficiency and better serve the needs of  socio-economic development and people’s needs for a better life.

3.4 Investment and Economic  Cooperation

3.4.1 The African side appreciates the important role of Chinese investments  in boosting Africa’s industrial development and supporting Africa’s deeper  integration into global and regional industrial and value chains. China will  continue to encourage and support two-way investment. Both sides will continue  to improve investment and cooperation mechanisms, strive to reduce investment  barriers, and work together for the conclusion and upgrading of bilateral  investment protection treaties, to deliver more favorable investment environment  for both sides.

3.4.2 China will encourage its businesses to invest no less than 10 billion  US dollars in Africa in the next three years and, in particular, expand  investment in areas including manufacturing, agriculture, green economy and  digital economy.

3.4.3 The two sides will make good use of China’s initiatives on cooperation  with Africa and all relevant tools, fully leverage the role of the Investing in  Africa Forum to enhance the sharing of development experience, and step up  cooperation in production capacity, trade and investment. The two sides will  share information about investment policies and opportunities, laws and  regulations, economic development and cooperation areas. The two sides will give  further play to the role of the Investing in Africa Think Tank Union in  providing intellectual support to improve Africa’s investment environment and  attract more investment in sectors of mutual interest.

3.4.4 China will establish a platform for China-Africa private investment  promotion, and encourage Chinese businesses to invest in Africa, in the  logistics and manufacturing sectors of existing and new free trade zones,  industrial parks, and green industrial parks in particular, so as to help  increase trade within Africa and Africa’s external trade including exports to  the Chinese market, and to create a large number of jobs for African youths,  including women.

3.4.5  China and Africa will also encourage the China-Africa Development Fund  and the China- Africa Fund for Industrial Cooperation to support Chinese  companies to invest  in African  firms and projects including  Public Private  Partnerships (PPPs).

3.4.6 Both sides will continue their practical cooperation in taxation. China  will support African countries in improving tax collection and administration  capacity through technology support and personnel training. Both sides will  continue to negotiate, conclude and implement agreements on the avoidance of  double taxation and resolve cross-border tax-related disputes, so as to create a  favourable taxation environment for China-Africa trade and investment.

3.4.7 China will publish the Report on Chinese Investment in Africa on a  regular basis, to release economic and trade data, analyze investment cases,  review experience of China-Africa investment cooperation and put forward  proposals for future cooperation, as a way to encourage Chinese enterprises to  increase investment in Africa and support independent and sustainable  development of Africa.

3.5 Trade

3.5.1 China supports African countries in promoting African products at such  events as the China International Import Expo and the China Import and Export  Fair, and will provide preferential and facilitating measures where necessary.  China welcomes African countries’ efforts in holding trade promotion activities  in China or online and support Africa in increasing its export to China.

3.5.2 The two sides attach importance to the role of the China-Africa  Economic and Trade Expo as a national-level, comprehensive and international  platform for cooperation and therefore will consider holding various trade  events of the Expo in Africa. Both sides will pool the strengths of central and  local governments, think tanks, enterprises, financial institutions, chambers of  commerce, associations and other relevant parties to jointly promote the  high-quality development of China-Africa practical cooperation.

3.5.3 China will provide 10 billion US dollars of trade finance to support  African export, and build in China a pioneering zone for in-depth China-Africa  trade and economic cooperation and a China-Africa industrial park for Belt and  Road cooperation.

3.5.4 China and Africa agree to improve the competitiveness of African  agricultural products,and will facilitate and expedite the entry of small scale  agricultural producers into formal processing, marketing and distribution  networks.

3.5.5 China and Africa will jointly study the possibility of establishing  cooperation mechanisms including e-commerce, to actively promote trade  facilitation,  jointly advance paperless cross-border trade, promote expediting  and simplifying processes for African agro-products to China through  e-commerce, and promote unimpeded trade.

3.5.6 China will further expand the scope of duty-free products from LDCs  with diplomatic relations with China and will continue to hold discussions with  the African side on promoting China-Africa trade, in a bid to reach 300 billion  US dollars in total imports from Africa in the next three years. 

3.5.7 Both Sides encourage the launching of a process to increase the value  in China of processed and manufactured African goods through the recognition of  African geographical indications.

3.5.8 The two side will explore the possibility of establishing e-commerce  hubs in Africa dedicated to African exports to China.

3.5.9 Both sides support developing marine-rail-combined transportation such  as the “Sichuan-Europe-Africa Service”, to create new trade corridors for  China-Africa international land and maritime logistics and trade, and level up  two-way trade and logistics cooperation.

3.6 Customs and Market  Supervision

3.6.1 China will strengthen communication and cooperation with African  countries and the AU on competition policy, antitrust and preventing unfair  competition, and set up bilateral and multilateral dialogue mechanisms on  antitrust and prevention of unfair competition, to create an open, fair, just  and non-discriminatory business environment for the high-quality common  development of China and Africa.

3.6.2 The two sides will enhance exchanges and cooperation in the area of  metrology, including weight, length and time frequency, to promote metrological  policy and technology communication and technical exchanges, and strengthen  mutual support and cooperation in international organizations concerning  metrology.

3.6.3 The two sides are ready to enhance exchanges and cooperation on  standardization, to promote the standardization capacity of African countries.  The role of standard in “soft connectivity” will be leveraged in support of  China-Africa trade.

3.6.4 The two sides will enhance information exchange in qualification  assessment, increase transparency of policies and regulations, promote the  establishment of cooperation mechanisms for qualification assessment, and  enhance mutual recognition of qualification assessment results, to reduce the  impact of technical trade measures on China-Africa trade.

3.6.5 China will actively provide capacity-building support for African  countries in areas such as animal and plant quarantine, import and export food  safety, and frontier health quarantine, to deepen cooperation in animal and  plant quarantine and food safety, and help accelerate the development of trade  in agricultural and food products including soybean, beef, nut, coffee, cocoa,  and wine.

3.6.6 The two sides will continue to strengthen exchanges and cooperation  between customs authorities. China will support African countries in improving  customs management and modernization, expand cooperation with African customs  authorities in areas of clearance facilitation, law enforcement and capacity  building, and combat illegal and criminal activities including  counterfeiting, the smuggling and illegal trafficking of items of cultural  heritage and wildlife, infringement and business fraud, to promote the sound and  smooth development of China-Africa trade.

3.7 Digital Economy

3.7.1 The two sides, recognizing the strategic and overarching impact of ICT  on social and economic development aimed at poverty reduction, will enhance  exchanges and cooperation between competent departments, share ICT development  experience, jointly seize the opportunity of digital economy, and encourage  cooperation between enterprises in such fields as ICT infrastructure, internet  and digital economy.

3.7.2 The African side supports the Initiative on Jointly Building a  China-Africa Community with a Shared Future in Cyberspace proposed by China. The  two sides will formulate and implement the “China-Africa Digital Innovation  Partnership Program”, actively discuss and promote cooperation on the  application of emerging technologies such as in the fields of cloud computing,  big data, artificial intelligence, internet of things, and mobile internet.  China is ready to share experience with African countries on the building of  smart cities.

3.7.3 China will undertake 10 digital economy assistance projects for Africa,  support the development of African digital infrastructure, and continue to hold  the China-Africa Digital Cooperation Forum and the China-Africa BDS Cooperation  Forum.

3.7.4 China will work with Africa to improve the China-Africa technology  transfer and innovation cooperation network, hold the China-Africa innovation  cooperation and development forum, and support the development of China-Africa  joint laboratories, partner institutes, and scientific and technological  innovation cooperation bases.

3.7.5 China is ready to enhance communication and exchanges with governments  of African countries and organizations like “Smart Africa”, to boost the  innovative development of digital technology in Africa and China-Africa digital  cooperation. The two sides will enhance cooperation in the ITU, WRC and other  international organizations, and promote coordination on personnel training,  internet connectivity, and innovation center building, among others. The two  sides will carry out strategic consultation on ICT policies and development, to  make joint efforts to narrow down the digital gap for Africa and promote the  building of information society in Africa.

3.7.6 China will work with African countries to expand Silk Road e-commerce  cooperation, jointly formulate a China-Africa inclusive development plan for  e-commerce, hold online shopping festivals featuring quality African products  and tourism e-commerce promotion activities, and launch a campaign to market a  hundred African stores and a thousand African products on e-commerce platforms.  The two sides will enhance policy communication and information sharing in  digital economy, conduct capacity building cooperation, share experience on the  use of e-commerce for poverty reduction, elevate digital capacity of SMEs,  and share digital economy dividends.

3.8 Finance

3.8.1 China will continue to provide concessional loans and other financial  support to African countries. Loans will be offered on a more concessional basis  and innovative ways of financing will be explored, to support Africa’s  infrastructure development, energy and resources development, agriculture,  manufacturing and the comprehensive development of the whole industrial chain of  Africa.

3.8.2 On the basis of observing multilateral rules and procedures, China will  support African countries in making even better use of resources from the Asian  Infrastructure Investment Bank, the New Development Bank, the Silk Road Fund the  China-Africa special fund for development financing and the special Loan for the  Development of African SMEs, further broaden  and optimize financing channels  for Africa, and support the development of African SMEs through accessible and  affordable loans. China will provide 10 billion US dollars in credit line to  African financial institutions and support the development of small and  medium-sized African enterprises on a priority basis.

3.8.3 The two sides acknowledge the role of the China-Africa Financial  Cooperation Consortium in promoting trade, production capacity cooperation and  infrastructure development. The two sides encourage deeper cooperation between  financial institutions, investment funds and multilateral financial institutions  from both sides, to scale up support for China-Africa production  capacity cooperation, support the industrialization of Africa and provide more  diversified financing packages for African countries. The two sides call on more  institutional investors who tend to make long-term investments such as insurance  companies and sovereign wealth funds to give more attention to China-Africa  cooperation projects.

3.8.4 China will deepen cooperation with regional and sub-regional  development financial institutions including the African Development Bank, the  African Export-Import Bank, the Eastern and Southern African Trade and  Development Bank and the West African Development Bank, and make good use of  joint financing facilities such as the Africa Growing Together Fund (AGTF), to  support projects in areas of infrastructure, agricultural development and  industrial cooperation.

3.8.5 China welcomes the issuance of panda bond by eligible African  sovereign, multilateral and financial institutions in the Chinese bond market to  contribute to diversifying the financing channels for African market entities.  China will work for greater convenience for African countries who hold RMB as a  reserve currency.

3.8.6 The two sides support the RMB offshore market development in Africa,  and will encourage provision of custody bond service by Chinese commercial banks  in Africa for local investors, and support those banks in bringing into full  play their role as RMB clearing banks in Africa to meet the growing demands for  the use of RMB in China-Africa trade and investment. China will establish a  China-Africa cross-border RMB center, and welcomes African countries and  financial institutions to issue RMB bonds in China.

3.8.7 The two sides will continue to encourage and support their financial  institutions, in accordance with respective laws, regulations and prudential  supervisory rules, in strengthening mutually beneficial cooperation through  investment, joint ventures or other means, and providing diversified and  inclusive financial services. The network of financial institutions and services  of both sides will be improved to facilitate trade and investment.

3.8.8 The African side applauds China’s positive contribution to supporting  African countries to address debt vulnerability through its full implementation  of the G20 Debt Service Suspension Initiative (DSSI). China will observe the G20  agreement in its management of debt-related issues and provide support for  African countries in difficulties. China and Africa urge other official  bilateral creditors, commercial creditors, and multilateral development banks to  take the same concrete action.

3.8.9 China encourages its financial institutions to, on the basis of  market-oriented principles, make independent decisions on additional financing  to African countries. China is ready to channel to African countries 10 billion  US dollars from its share of the IMF’s new allocation of SDR. China calls on the  IMF and the World Bank to take into account the new situation and reform their  respective lending approval procedures in ways that are more adapted to the  reality of African countries, so as to support more efficient access of African  countries to development financing.

3.8.10 China will continue to enhance cooperation with African financial  regulators in such fields as banknote printing and minting, and combating money  laundering and financing of terrorism, to safeguard the stable and healthy  operation and development of Chinese and African financial systems.

3.8.11 China notes with appreciation that the Africa Development Bank has  become a major institution for the financing and implementation of Agenda 2063  of the AU and an important platform for policy coordination among African  countries. China welcomes the efforts of international financial institutions  including the Africa Development Bank to make active use of the Multilateral  Cooperation Center for Development Finance (MCDF) to enhance information  sharing, support early-stage project preparations and strengthen capacity  building. China will encourage the China-IMF Capacity Development Center and IMF  regional capacity development centers to play a bigger role in providing  technical assistance for Africa.

4. Social Development  Cooperation

4.1 Development  Cooperation

4.1.1 The African side commends China for its long-standing commitment to  development cooperation with Africa in the spirit of equality, mutual trust,  mutual benefits, solidarity and mutual support, and provision of assistance to  African countries and people to the best of its abilities without any political  strings attached. Guided by the vision of a community with a shared future for  mankind, China will continue to uphold justice while pursuing shared interests,  increase assistance to African countries, LDCs in particular, and support  African countries in achieving development benefiting their peoples with  sustainable prosperity and welfare.

4.1.2 The African side applauds China’s efforts in supporting African  countries to reduce poverty, improve people’s lives, expand employment, remove  development bottlenecks and implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable  Development in ways of complete projects, provision of goods, technical  cooperation, human resources development, setting up the Assistance Fund for  South-South Cooperation and sending medical teams, among others. China will  continue to share more of its development experience with Africa, further  diversify cooperation methods, improve efficiency, carry out more  livelihood-related projects, and support African countries in tapping into their  growth potential to better realize Agenda 2063 of the AU.

4.1.3 China will, in light of the actual needs and conditions of the African  side, continue to offer grants, interest-free loans and concessional loans to  Africa. China calls for stronger actions by all relevant parties of the  international community to ease the debt burden of African countries and  effectively support them to achieve independent and sustainable  development. China will exmpt African LDCs from debt incurred in the form of  interest-free government loans  due by the end of 2021 for the least developed  countries.

4.2 Medical  Care and Public Health

4.2.1 China appreciates Africa’s support in various forms for China’s  response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The African side commends China for taking  the lead to provide Africa with anti-COVID-19 supplies and vaccines, starting  ahead of schedule the construction of the Africa CDC headquarters, and sending  medical expert teams to share experience in fighting the disease.

4.2.2 The two sides will continue to strengthen health exchanges at various  levels, carry out regular policy dialogues and technological exchanges on  health, so as to build a China-Africa community of health for all. Both sides  will continue to hold the Ministerial Forum on China-Africa Health Cooperation  as a sub-forum under the FOCAC framework.

4.2.3 China will continue to scale up medical assistance to African countries  and step up cooperation with Africa on COVID-19 prevention and control. China  will support African countries in building national public health institutions,  and will carry out information sharing and technical cooperation on public  health, and support Africa in comprehensively improving its health situation,  strengthen its capacity for self-reliant development, and build a more  responsive public health system. China will provide African countries with  technical support for strengthening health-related capacities under the  International Health Regulations (2005), and jointly safeguard global public  health security.

4.2.4 In light of Africa’s COVID-19 situation and its lack of access to  COVID-19 vaccines, China commits to supply vaccines to Africa through bilateral  and multilateral channels, including the Africa Vaccine Acquisition Task Team  (AVATT)  over the next three years and support African countries to improve  their vaccine production, storage and delivery capacities. China will provide  another one billion doses of vaccines to Africa, including 600 million doses as  donation and 400 million doses to be provided through such means as joint  production by Chinese companies and relevant African countries. Africa welcomes  China’s support to the waiver of intellectual property rights of their COVID-19  vaccines and encourages others to do so.

4.2.5 China and Africa will increase cooperation on strengthening the  capacities of local drug production including the development of the  pharmaceutical manufacturing industry and the improvement of medical products  regulatory systems. China will help accelerate the establishment of the African  Medicines Agency (AMA) and support the African Medicines Regulation and  Harmonization (AMRH) program to improve the effectiveness of the medical  products regulatory systems.

4.2.6 China will complete the construction of the Africa CDC headquarters,  undertake 10 medical and health assistance projects for African countries, and  speed up the building of China-Africa Friendship Hospitals. China supports  African hospitals in developing specialized departments, cultivating more health  professionals, improving hospital facilities and carrying out all-round academic  and technical exchanges and cooperation in the areas of medical teaching and  research. China supports African countries in improving health services and  hospital management.

4.2.7 In support of the Catalytic Framework to End AIDS, TB and Eliminate  Malaria in Africa by 2030, China will continue to carry out anti-malaria  projects and share anti-malaria success experience with African countries, and  to reach the goal of global malaria control and elimination program with the  international community. China will assist Africa to halt and reverse the double  burden of communicable (HIV, TB, Malaria and Schistosomiasis) and  non-communicable (cancer and cardiovascular diseases) diseases through enhanced  bilateral and multilateral collaboration, sharing of best practices and support  to identified priority program. China will help Africa reduce the maternal and  infant mortality rates, improve the survival and health of pregnant and  postnatal women and newborns, and support African countries in meeting the UN  SDGs at an early date.

4.2.8 China will use the Belt and Road Demonstration and Training Platform on  Health Cooperation to share its best practices and appropriate technologies in  such areas as maternal and infant health, public health, hospital management and  screening exams through online and offline exchanges and training, so as to  support African countries to enhance the service capacity of their health  systems, make basic health services more accessible, and promote the realization  of full health coverage of the African people.

4.2.9 The two sides will enhance cooperation on drug supervision, support  Africa’s efforts to improve its public health testing capabilities, and  encourage Chinese enterprises to cooperate with African countries in such areas  as COVID-19 testing and setting up testing centers.

4.2.10 China encourages and supports Chinese enterprises’ medical and  pharmaceutical cooperation with Africa, supports the two sides’ cooperation in  traditional medicine, encourages traditional medicine to be included into the  prevention and treatment of major infectious diseases including COVID-19 and  malaria.

4.2.11 China will send 1,500 medical personnel and public health experts to  Africa, continue to provide mobile medical services for the treatment of  cataract and heart disease, and build a training platform for China-Africa  health cooperation.

4.3 Education  and Human Resources

4.3.1  Africa commends China's support in providing qualitative education for  Africans through government scholarships and trainings. China and Africa will  deepen their cooperation in capacity building; promote technology transfer;  enhance technical training for youth, especially for specialized personnel.

4.3.2 The African side highly commends Luban Workshops and other vocational  training programs launched by China in Africa, and appreciates China’s support  in such areas as materials and equipment, technical guidance, teaching workforce  and personnel training. The two sides will expand cooperation in such areas as  employment, vocational training and social security, implement the “Future of  Africa” China-Africa Vocational Education Cooperation Plan, start an “Employment  Through Train” scheme for African students in China, and hold a China-Africa  Education Ministers’ Forum. China will continue to provide short-term seminars  and training opportunities to African countries, continue to work with African  countries to set up “Luban Workshops”, and encourage and support the efforts of  Chinese enterprises to carry out vocational training in African countries. China  will encourage Chinese companies in Africa to offer at least 800,000 local  jobs.

4.3.3 China will implement a plan for cultivating talents for China and  Africa in the post-COVID era, build or upgrade 10 schools in Africa, and invite  10,000 high-level African professionals to seminars and workshops.

4.3.4 Under the  Chinese government scholarship programs, China will continue  to train professionals in relevant fields. The two sides will actively explore  setting up a China-Africa joint R&D center or lab for road engineering.

4.3.5 The two sides will make joint efforts to further improve training   programs with the view to align the programs to current developmental  priorities  of African countries.

4.3.6 China and Africa will foster new projects on capacity building in  poverty reduction, rural revitalization, lCT, fintech, digital economy,  e-commerce, cloud computing, big data and cyberspace security in order to  leverage relevant impact on the high potential growth of these sectors in  Africa, with a special emphasis on womens’ participation.

4.3.7 The two sides will continue to support the development of Confucius  Institutes and Classrooms in Africa. China welcomes the inclusion of the Chinese  language into African countries’ national curriculum, and will further support  Chinese language teaching in Africa through various ways. China will further  provide teaching and training of African languages in China, and nurture more  professionals who are fluent in African languages.

4.3.8 Phase III of the UNESCO-China Funds-in-Trust has been successfully  launched and made notable achievements. The two sides will continue to implement  the project and will consider extending it for another 4 years (2023-2026).

4.3.9 China will work with Africa to launch experts exchange programs and  joint research projects on R&D cooperation; software development; policy  planning, monitoring and evaluation. The two sides will design new models of  training in designated African countries and maximize their effect in the end  user socio- economic contexts.

4.4 Cooperation  and Exchanges on Poverty Reduction and Rural Development

4.4.1 The African side highly commends China’s historic achievements in  eliminating absolute poverty. China will work with Africa to actively build a  poverty reduction and development partner alliance, and rally the extensive  participation of Chinese and African businesses, social organizations, research  institutes and other parties in China-Africa cooperation on poverty reduction  and rural development. The two sides will work to gradually  establish multi-tiered dialogue mechanisms for poverty reduction and rural  development between the two governments and societies.

4.4.2 China will continue to support the poverty reduction and rural  development efforts of Africa to help deliver a better and happier life to  African people. China will undertake 10 poverty reduction and agricultural  assistance projects for Africa, encourage Chinese institutions and companies to  build in Africa demonstration villages for China-Africa cooperation on  agricultural development and poverty reduction, support the Alliance of Chinese  Companies in Africa for Corporate Social Responsibilities in launching the  initiative of “a Hundred Companies in a Thousand Villages” and actively carry  out poverty alleviation cooperation for public benefit.

4.4.3 China will continue to organize activities such as the China-Africa  Poverty Reduction and Development Conference and the China-Africa Youth Exchange  Program on Poverty Reduction and Development, and will continue to organize  workshops on policies on poverty reduction and rural development tailored to the  needs of African countries.

4.5 Science  and Technology Cooperation and Knowledge Sharing

4.5.1 The two sides will enhance synergy between strategies and policies  on scientific and technological innovation, jointly implement the Belt and Road  Science, Technology and Innovation Cooperation Action Plan and the China-Africa  Science and Technology Partnership Program 2.0, promote cooperation on  technology-supported poverty reduction, and fully leverage scientific and  technological innovation to underpin and guide the sustainable economic and  social development of China and Africa.

4.5.2 The two sides will jointly build a multi-tiered system for scientific,  technological and people-to-people exchanges. China welcomes the participation  of African scientific professionals in the “International Outstanding Young  Scientists Exchange Program” and the “Innovative Talent Exchange Project”. China  will carry out the “Africa Young Scientists in China” Program and provide  African countries with training on readily applicable technology and science  management.

4.5.3 The two sides will use the China-Africa Innovation Cooperation Center  in Wuhan to jointly carry out cooperation activities on technology transfer and  innovation and entrepreneurship. Both sides support young Chinese and  Africans in sharing innovation outcomes and promoting mutual development.

4.5.4 The two sides will make full use of the China-Africa Joint Research  Center, and support this platform in playing a continued exemplary role in such  areas as modern agriculture, biodiversity, eco-environmental protection, and  public health.

4.5.5 The two sides acknowledge that in today’s world, aerospace is one of  the most important high-tech sector. The two sides will enhance cooperation  on space technology, promote Africa’s space technology application and  infrastructure development, and use the space industry to drive social  development and improve people’s living standards.

4.5.6 The AU and the China National Space Administration will jointly explore  and release the White Paper on China-Africa Space Cooperation to identify key  areas and directions for cooperation. China will use space technology to enhance  cooperation with African countries in such areas as scientific and  technological development, poverty and hunger elimination, promotion of social  security, disaster prevention and relief, climate change, and eco-environmental  protection.

4.5.7 The two sides will actively work for the establishment of a sub-forum  on China-Africa space cooperation under the FOCAC framework. Both sides will  focus on supporting projects concerning satellite remote sensing, communications  satellite and space city building, in an effort to drive the development of the  space industry of African countries. China will set up centers for China-Africa  cooperation on satellite remote sensing application.

4.5.8 China will train specialized aerospace professionals for African  countries, and promote aerospace capacity building of African countries. The two  sides will fully leverage the role of the UN-affiliated Regional Centers for  Space Science and Technology Education in China, Nigeria and Morocco, as well as  African Union Space Agency headquartered in Egypt and make good use of the Belt  and Road Aerospace Innovation Alliance to promote exchanges and cooperation  between Chinese and African universities, work to build a regional development  center of the Belt and Road Aerospace Innovation Alliance in Africa, and  contribute to the training and education of aerospace professionals in  Africa.

4.5.9 The two sides support the CubeSat Middle School Student Science  Project. The two sides will set up a China-Africa youth space alliance as a  platform for space exchanges between Chinese and African middle school students,  and explore new ways of science popularization in China-Africa space  cooperation, so as to lay the foundation for realizing the development vision of  emerging space countries in Africa.

4.5.10 The two sides will enhance communication and cooperation on platforms  such as the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space to jointly promote  international space cooperation and global space governance that are fair and  reasonable and take into account the special needs of developing countries.

4.5.11 The two sides acknowledge that nuclear technologies play an important  role in economic and social development. China will continue to leverage the  Chinese Government Atomic Energy Scholarship Program and existing cooperation  platforms between the two sides to continue to deepen mutually beneficial  cooperation between China and Africa in such areas as nuclear science research,  nuclear personnel training, nuclear technology application and nuclear power  project development, and jointly tackle challenges including climate change,  energy supply, food security, health, and protection of water resources.

4.6 Cyber  Security Cooperation

4.6.1 The African side shares the vision of a community with a shared future  in cyberspace put forward by China, and supports the Initiative on Jointly  Building a Community with a Shared Future in Cyberspace. Africa takes due note  of and will further positively consider the Global Initiative on Data Security  launched by China. We stand ready to build on this Initiative to advance the  formulation of global digital governance rules, and call on the international  community to jointly build a peaceful, secure, open, cooperative and orderly  cyberspace and a community with a shared future in cyberspace.

4.6.2 The two sides are fully aware of the strategic impact of data as a key  factor in economic and social development, and encourage businesses to cooperate  in such areas as development and utilization of data security products, data  governance and personal privacy protection. Businesses are required to respect  local laws and not to use their products or services to illegally obtain user  data. Both sides oppose using information technology to carry out large-scale  surveillance against other countries. China will work with African countries in  the spirit of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits to  promote data security.

4.6.3 China will actively support Africa’s capacity building on cyber  security and work with Africa to carry out activities such as seminars and  training on cyber security emergency response, so as to enhance Africa’s  preparedness and coordination in the event of cyber security incidents.

4.6.4 The two sides will jointly expand practical cooperation in the internet  domain, strengthen dialogue and exchanges on internet laws and regulations,  continue to increase common understandings and mutual trust concerning the rule  of law, and jointly work for the improvement and development of relevant legal  systems.

4.6.5 The two sides acknowledge that cyber crime is a common challenge facing  all countries and that the United Nations should continue to play an important  role in facilitating international cooperation on combating cyber crime. The two  sides support the work of the UN Ad Hoc Committee to Elaborate a Comprehensive  International Convention on Countering the Use of ICTs for Criminal Purposes and  will work to conclude a universal and authoritative international legal  instrument at an early date.

5. Cultural and People-to-People  Exchanges

5.1 Tourism

5.1.1 China will continue to advance tourism cooperation with Africa,  and will support making all African countries having diplomatic ties with China  as approved destinations for Chinese tourist groups to contribute to the  revitalization of Africa’s tourism industry. Africa supports China’s  participation in the international tourism exhibitions organized by Africa.  China welcomes more African countries to participate in large international  tourism exhibitions such as the China International Travel Mart, and will hold  seminars on China-Africa tourism cooperation, with a view to building platforms  for experience sharing, products promotion and business negotiations. China will  increasingly spotlight Africa on Chinese media.

5.1.2 China will carry out the China-African Culture and Tourism Training  Cooperation Plan in both online and offline formats, continue to advance human  resources training for Africa, and assist Africa in strengthening  capacity building for tourism.

5.1.3 The two sides encourage governments to carry out exchanges and  cooperation on tourism, increase mutual visits, and step up the sharing of  information and experience regarding tourism development through various  channels. The two sides will work to resume development of the tourism industry  after COVID-19 and both sides commit to the holding of an annual African travel  fair in China with a view to promoting Destination Africa to the Chinese  tourists.

5.1.4 . China will encourage more Chinese nationals to travel to Africa, and  Africa will provide more suitable tourism products and a safer tourism  environment.

5.2 Culture

5.2.1 The two sides are committed to advancing China-Africa cultural  exchanges and mutual learning, with a view to contributing to equal-footed  dialogue among civilizations, cultural diversity in the world, and peace and  development of mankind. Both sides encourage and support dialogues on culture  and thinking between the two sides and will promote exchanges and cooperation  between Chinese and African research institutes.

5.2.2 The two sides will maintain the momentum of government visits and  dialogues and implement plans of intergovernmental cultural agreements. Both  sides will step up sub-national exchanges and build cultural exchanges and  cooperation mechanisms through sister cities. Both sides will promote  people-to-people exchanges and cooperation between China and Africa, and develop  flagship exchange programs.

5.2.3 China will continue to carry out flagship exchange activities such as  the Happy Spring Festival and the China-Africa Cultural Focus, support mutual  visits of Chinese and African art troupes and organizations, and take part  in international art festivals held in China and Africa.

5.2.4 The two sides encourage the strengthening of cultural exchanges and  cooperation under the framework of Belt and Road cooperation, as a way to  enhance the bond between Chinese and African people. China welcomes African  cultural institutions’ participation in cooperation mechanisms such as the Silk  Road International League of Theaters, the Silk Road International Museum  Alliance, the Network of Silk Road Art Festivals, the Silk Road International  Library Alliance and the Silk Road International Art Museum and Gallery  Alliance, and their visits to China for activities such as the Silk Road  International Arts Festival, the Maritime Silk Road International Arts Festival  and the Silk Road (Dunhuang) International Culture Expo, with a view to jointly  creating flagship exchange activities such as the Silk Road Cultural Tour.

5.2.5 The two sides will continue to explore cooperation in the cultural  industry, and encourage and support the efforts of governments and business  communities to step up exchanges and cooperation in the cultural industry and  trade.

5.2.6 The two sides will continue to open more culture centers in China and  Africa, and build more permanent platforms for the sustainable development of  cultural exchanges and cooperation between China and Africa.

5.2.7 The two sides will encourage and support cultural heritage exchanges  and cooperation including joint archaeological studies, protection and  restoration of historical sites, museum exhibitions, world cultural heritage,  personnel training and capacity building. Both sides will encourage and support  joint efforts in combating illegal cultural property trade through information  sharing, personnel training and other means, and facilitate the return of stolen  or illegally excavated or traded cultural property to the country of origin.

5.3 Press  and Media

5.3.1 The two sides will actively promote exchanges and cooperation in the  field of press and publication, and continue to strengthen publication  cooperation in the areas of education, agriculture, culture, ecology, health  care, children’s books and on other related themes. Through co-production of  programs and mutual visits of media personnel, both sides will actively  introduce development and changes in the economic, cultural, social and other  fields in China and Africa, so as to promote mutual understanding and enhance  the bond between the people.

5.3.2 China will continue to strengthen exchanges of film and TV  programs, hold African film festivals in China and Chinese film festivals in  Africa, and support introducing more African film and TV programs into  China.

5.3.3 China will continue to implement training and capacity building  programs for African media practitioners, help African countries train  high-caliber professionals in news, broadcasting and television, and tourism,  hold in due course training and capacity building seminars for African  countries’ media officials and journalists, promote more exchanges between  Chinese and African media personnel, support the capacity building of radio and  television media in Africa, promote the integrated development of African media,  and advance practical media cooperation between China and Africa.

5.4 Academia  and Think Tanks

5.4.1 The two sides believe that the upgraded China-Africa Joint Research and  Exchange Plan has effectively strengthened cooperation and exchanges between  Chinese and African scholars and think tanks, and provided strong academic  support to China-Africa cooperation. China will further increase support to help  African universities and think tanks hold seminars and carry out research  projects, continue to implement the China-Africa University 20+20 Cooperation  Plan and the China-Africa Think Tank 10+10 Partnership Plan, and strengthen  joint research and exchanges between Chinese and African think tanks.

5.4.2 The two sides will continue to hold the China-Africa Think Tanks Forum,  support long-term, stable cooperation between Chinese and African academic  communities, encourage the Forum and relevant institutions to conduct joint  researches, and provide intellectual support to China-Africa cooperation.

5.4.3 The two sides will continue to make good use of the China-Africa  Institute to enhance mutual learning between civilizations. The two sides  welcome and encourage their businesses and financial and academic institutions  to provide support for academic, people-to-people and cultural exchanges between  China and Africa.

5.4.4 The two sides will continue to support the development of the Belt and  Road African Studies Alliance, conduct cooperation on scientific research  digitization, strengthen cooperation on theoretical innovation and  decision-making research, promote academic exchanges and the commercialization  of scientific research results, and advance exchanges and mutual learning of  development experience.

5.5 Sub-national  and People-to-People Exchanges

5.5.1 China will encourage sub-national and non-governmental organizations  (NGOs) to utilize existing resources and strengths, taking into account the  circumstances of different fields, countries and projects, actively participate  in practical cooperation with Africa, gradually achieve the diversification of  cooperation models, and further enhance the comprehensive effect of practical  cooperation with Africa.

5.5.2 The two sides value the positive role of the China-Africa People’s  Forum in enhancing people-to-people exchanges, friendship between the two  peoples and cooperation concerning people’s livelihood, and encourage and  support more practical exchanges and cooperation between Chinese and African  NGOs on people’s well-being.

5.5.3 China welcomes African Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to join  the Silk Road NGO Cooperation Network and the Silk Road Community Building  Initiative, step up people-to-people exchanges and livelihood cooperation, and  contribute to stronger people-to-people connectivity between China and Africa  under the Belt and Road Initiative.

5.5.4 The two sides attach importance to tapping into the role of the  China-Africa Friendship Organization Leaders Meeting, and will further promote  practical exchanges between Chinese and African friendship organizations.

5.5.5 Both Sides welcome the increased people-to-people exchanges through  trade and recommend the strengthening of these contacts. China and Africa would  like to cement the popular support of Sino-African friendship through the  commemoration of the anniversary of FOCAC.

5.5.6 The two sides encourage their labor unions to continue to deepen  exchanges and advance cooperation through means including video conference,  material assistance, information sharing, mutual visits, seminars and personnel  training.

5.5.7 China and Africa will support cooperation and exchanges in the field of  sports and strengthen partnership in supporting their mutual events.

5.6 Youth  and Women

5.6.1 The two sides encourage and support cooperation and exchanges in the  field of youth, and will continue to promote volunteering and youth development  programs. The two sides take note of the success of the first China-Africa  Future Leaders Dialogue, which has served as a platform for in-depth dialogue  between Chinese and African youth. The two sides support holding the event on a  regular basis.

5.6.2 China will hold a China-Africa youth services forum, and a China-Africa  women’s forum. The two sides will continue to advance the building of the  China-Africa Young Leaders Forum and other mechanisms, and deepen exchanges and  cooperation between Chinese and African young leaders.

5.6.3 The two sides will strengthen exchanges and cooperation in gender  equality and women empowerment, and encourage and support high-level woman’s  dialogue, seminars, capacity building and exchanges among women entrepreneurs.  The two sides will continue to deepen practical cooperation in women-related  issues between China and Africa, carry out a batch of small-sized material  assistance and skills training programs in this field, support women to emerge  from the impact of COVID-19, and jointly promote well-rounded development of  women and girls .

5.6.4 China will continue to enhance exchanges and cooperation with Africa in  the area of people with disabilities, and jointly conduct practical cooperation  programs in such areas as rehabilitation, education and employment.

5.6.5 China will hold workshops for women from African political parties and  arrange for female foreign diplomats to visit different parts of China to  further strengthen dialogue and cooperation with women officials in African  countries.

6. Peace and Security  Cooperation

6.1 Military,  Police, Counter-terrorism and Law Enforcement

6.1.1 China and Africa underscore that peace and security in Africa remains  an important part of their cooperation, and the two sides will continue to  strengthen the implementation of the China-Africa peace and security plan;  support the building of the African Peace and Security Architecture, the African  Standby Force as well as bolster Africa's capacity to rapidly respond to crises.  The two sides will lay emphasis on defense military capabilities, actively  conduct exchanges and cooperation in such fields as military education, military  training, military medicine, logistics support, and maritime security, and hold  exchanges and dialogues on military medicine.

6.1.2 Both sides will enhance cooperation under the framework of the UN,  actively participate in UN peacekeeping missions in Africa, strengthen exchanges  on peacekeeping policies and skills, and support Africa’s capacity building for  independent peacekeeping missions.

6.1.3 China and Africa will continue o support African capacity building, and  advance the implementation of new measures for the China-Africa Peace and  Security Plan, to fill the gap between the mandate and the capacities of African  forces. China will undertake 10 peace and security assistance projects for  Africa, continue to deliver military assistance to the African Union, support  African countries’ efforts to independently maintain regional security and fight  terrorism, and conduct joint exercises and on-site training between Chinese and  African peacekeeping troops and cooperation on small arms and light weapons  control.

6.1.4 ln the spirit of the outcomes of the "China-Africa Dialogue on Peace  and Security" held in Addis-Ababa in February 2019, both sides will continue to  hold  "China Africa Forum on Peace and Security" to strengthen exchanges in  Peace and security issues. While continuing the training of African defense  officers in China, the two sides will discuss the possibility of  designing training sessions in Africa. The two sides will enhance communication  and coordination at the UN Security Council, and step up mutual support for the  implementation of the "Silencing the Guns " to eradicate conflict in Africa and  support the Africa Peace and Security Framework.

6.1.5 China will work with Africa to establish a China-Africa police  cooperation mechanism, and deepen law-enforcement capacity building, security  cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative, and cooperation on small arms  and light weapons control. China and Africa will further strengthen exchanges  between police personnel at various levels and encourage local police  departments of the two sides to establish cooperative relations and strengthen  experience sharing and cooperation in combating crimes, capacity building and  other areas.

6.1.6 The two sides will deepen counter-terrorism cooperation, strengthen  intelligence sharing, investigation collaboration and coordination of actions in  cracking down on international terrorist organizations. The two sides will  strengthen practical cooperation in areas including combating crimes that  infringe upon the safety of life, COVID-related crimes, smuggling and  trafficking of wildlife, narcotics control, cyber security, community policing,  fugitives’ repatriation and asset recovery.

6.1.7 China will continue to provide law-enforcement training programs  according to the needs of African police departments, and will continue to  provide police equipment assistance to African police departments to the best of  its abilities.

6.1.8 China will strengthen cooperation with African Union Mechanism for  Police   Cooperation (Afripol) The two sides agree to coordinate positions and  actions, step up intelligence sharing and investigation collaboration under the  framework of Interpol, regional cooperation mechanisms and bilateral  arrangements.

6.1.9 China and Africa agree to mutually support and promote more police  training, including of women, through formalized engagement with the  Afripol.

6.1.10 China and Africa commit to cooperating in combating illegal transfer  and abuse of small arms, light weapons and ammunition, and would like to engage  in exchanges of policy and experience,and pragmatic cooperation in identifying,  tracing and the management of end users of small arms,light weapons and  ammunition. .

6.2 Anti-corruption,  Consular Affairs, Immigration and Judiciary

6.2.1 The two sides will step up anti-corruption cooperation, make full use  of the UN Convention against Corruption and other existing international legal  instruments for cooperation on a case-by-case basis in fugitive’s repatriation  and asset recovery, and will be more flexible in such cooperation within the  extent of domestic laws.

6.2.2 The two sides will continue to exchange high-level visits between  competent anti-corruption authorities, strengthen exchanges and cooperation in  judicial, law enforcement and legislative areas, improve cooperation mechanisms  for extradition, legal assistance and asset recovery, and accelerate the signing  of extradition treaties, treaties on mutual legal assistance in criminal matters  and other relevant agreements.

6.2.3 The two sides will strengthen coordination and cooperation under the UN  and other multilateral and bilateral mechanisms, work together to advocate a new  global order in anti-corruption, and call for stronger actions by the  international community to forestall and fight corruption.

6.2.4 The two sides will step up consular cooperation and exchanges, and  further facilitate personnel, business and student exchanges in the post- COVID  era. China and Africa will work together to strengthen the welfare and  protections of their nationals and properties in each other’s countries. Both  sides agree, on a reciprocal basis, to streamline visa application formalities  for business people.

6.2.5 The two sides will continue to strengthen exchanges and cooperation in  law-based governance, enhance mutual trust and exchanges in this respect,  provide legal support and guarantee for Belt and Road international cooperation,  and work together to improve the existing international legal system.

6.2.6 The two sides will continue to improve the mechanism of the FOCAC  Law-based Governance Forum, and increase its influence and efficacy. China will  strengthen legal exchanges and coordination with regional and sub-regional  organizations in Africa. The two sides will hold the Conference on Legal Risks  and Countermeasures of International Investment and Trade, promote the  establishment of a legal research platform for African laws, and increase  support for the exchange program of legal personnel between China and Africa.  The two sides will continue to improve the China-Africa joint arbitration  mechanism, and promote the development of the China-Africa Joint Arbitration  Center and enhance its international influence.

6.2.7 The two sides will support holding a China-Africa Forum of Law School  Deans, encourage and assist Chinese and African universities in jointly building  China-Africa legal research centers and training bases for legal professionals,  and increase research on legal systems related to cooperation between China and  Africa on the Belt and Road Initiative as well as on digital economy, smart  cities, clean energy, 5G and other new business forms.

7. Green Development

7.1 Ecological  Protection and Climate Response

7.1.1 The two sides are both committed to establishing and improving an  economic system for green, low-carbon and circular development, actively  participating in global environmental governance, and jointly tackling climate  change. The two sides will continue to strengthen exchanges and cooperation on  ecological protection, maritime cooperation, desertification prevention and  treatment, and the protection of wildlife.

7.1.2 The two sides will support tapping into the role of the China-Africa  Environmental Cooperation Center, and advance environmental cooperation through,  among others, more policy exchanges and dialogue, closer exchanges and  cooperation on environmental industry and technological information, and joint  research on environmental issues. China will establish a China-Africa marine  science and blue economy cooperation center.

7.1.3 China will undertake 10 green development, environmental protection and  climate action assistance projects for Africa, and support the development of  the Great Green Wall.

7.1.4 China will work with Africa to continue to implement the China-Africa  Green Envoys Program, the China-Africa Green Innovation Program and others,  build low-carbon demonstration zones and climate adaptation demonstration zones  in Africa, set up a China-Africa geoscience cooperation center, establish  capacity building partnerships in such areas as climate response, biodiversity  conservation, pollution prevention and control, and sustainable infrastructure,  and help ensure that the outcomes of China-Africa cooperation on green and  low-carbon development benefit the lives of people in the region.

7.1.5 China will continue to deepen practical cooperation with African  countries under the framework of South-South cooperation on climate change and  the Belt and Road Initiative as well as support African countries to strengthen  climate change response so that the two sides can jointly tackle the global  challenge of climate change. China supports the African Agriculture Adaptation  (AAA) and Sustainability Stability and Security (SSS) initiatives.

7.1.6 The two sides will carry out in-depth cooperation on the application of  satellite remote-sensing technology in the field of natural resources. China  will propose satellite remote-sensing Cloud services to more African  countries.

7.1.7 The two sides will enhance cooperation on wildlife protection and  support improving protection capacity of African countries. The two sides will  strengthen capacity building of wildlife conservation professionals, and explore  cooperation on wildlife protection demonstration projects. The two sides will  work to raise public awareness, jointly combat illegal trade of wildlife, and  incentivize those who have made outstanding contributions in anti-poaching and  combating the illegal trade of wildlife. The two sides will establish an  anti-smuggling cooperation mechanism to crack down on the crimes of smuggling  endangered wildlife and their products.

7.1.8 The two sides will continue cooperation on desertification prevention  and treatment. China will, according to the needs of Africa, strengthen mutual  learning with Africa through means including expert exchanges and field  demonstrations, so as to jointly improve the level of desertification prevention  and treatment. China will continue to deepen cooperation with Sub-Saharan  African countries in prevention and control of damage related to  desertification and industrial development.

7.1.9 The two sides will continue to advance the building of the China-Africa  Bamboo Center and actively support Africa’s capacity building in the sustainable  management of bamboo and rattan resources, the innovative development of bamboo  and rattan industries, the development of their products and poverty  alleviation, and relevant industrial policy and standardization. The two sides  will work to carry out international bamboo and rattan demonstration projects  and improve Africa’s ability to utilize rattan and bamboo resources in a  sustainable way and to develop modern bamboo and rattan industries.

7.1.10 The two sides will establish green protected areas and engage in  cooperation on their preservation, improve management capacities of both sides,  conduct cooperation and exchanges on the protection and restoration of wetlands,  hold training seminars, and strive to jointly carry out wetland protection and  restoration projects in Africa.

7.1.11 Africa and China welcome the Dakar Declaration on China- Africa  Cooperation on Combating Climate Change and support its effective  implementation. Both sides propose also that African countries benefit from the  Kunming Biodiversity Fund.

7.2 Maritime  Cooperation

7.2.1 The two sides recognize the enormous potential of maritime economic  cooperation and will continue to jointly promote mutually beneficial cooperation  in this field.

7.2.2 China will continue to provide funding and technical support under the  framework of technical cooperation of the International Maritime Organization,  and support African countries to train shipping professionals and strengthen  capacity-building to promote the sustainable development of maritime  shipping.

7.2.3 The two sides will strengthen exchanges and cooperation between sea  ports. China will provide technical assistance and support for relevant plans  for the marine industry of African countries, support African countries in  advancing IT development and application in African sea ports, and step up  cooperation with Africa on blue economy.

7.2.4 China will, under the principle of sincerity, equality, mutual benefit  and win-win results, carry out cooperation with African countries in such  fields as maritime scientific research, ocean observation and monitoring, marine  eco-environmental protection, and Antarctic research and logistics support,  advance the building of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, and make positive  contributions to global marine governance.

7.2.5 The two sides will continue to strengthen cooperation and exchanges on,  among others, offshore aquaculture, maritime transportation, shipbuilding and  repair, offshore wind power, maritime information services and maritime  security.

7.2.6 China supports Africa in enhancing capacity building in maritime  law-enforcement and environmental protection, improving management capacity for  marine fisheries, and ensuring a sound security environment for the development  of and cooperation on marine resources. The two sides will promote the  establishment of an information exchange mechanism, enhance information  communication and exchange, and jointly combat illegal, unreported and  unregulated fishing (IUU).

7.3 Cooperation  on Energy and Natural Resources

7.3.1 China will work with Africa to enhance practical cooperation in the  energy sector under the framework of the China-African Union Energy Partnership,  jointly improve the level of electrification in Africa, increase the share of  clean energy, address step by step the issue of energy accessibility, and  promote sustainable energy development of both sides. China has announced that  it will not build new coal-fired power projects abroad, and will step up support  for other developing countries including African countries in developing green  and low-carbon energy, and encourage Chinese businesses to conduct cooperation  with African countries in the areas of clean energy and renewable energy.

7.3.2 The two sides will actively carry out cooperation on capacity building  in the energy sector. China will provide professional training for personnel  from competent authorities, research institutions and key companies of relevant  countries to improve African countries’ capacity in developing and managing  their own energy systems. China will soon dispatch technical teams to the AU in  accordance with the Memorandum of Understanding on the China-African  Union Energy Partnership and other relevant documents.

7.3.3 The two sides will continue to strengthen policy dialogue and  technological exchanges in the energy sector, synergize each other’s energy  development strategies and conduct joint research.

7.3.4 The two sides will continue to strengthen cooperation on trade,  investment, technology and standards in the energy and resources sector, and  encourage and support establishment of strategic partnerships by Chinese and  African businesses under the principle of mutual benefits and win-win results,  their engagement in investment, development and operation of energy and  resources projects, and their exploration of green and sustainable ways of  cooperation, including in green hydrogen development.

7.3.5 China will support Africa in improving the structure of its energy and  resources industrial chain, improving its capacity to process energy and  resources products, increasing the added value of products, and upgrading its  energy and resources industrial chain toward greener development.

7.3.6 The two sides will closely align their development plans in such fields  as sustainable use of energy and resources, improving land and space spanning,  and innovation in geoscience, and improve their ability to develop and manage  their own energy and resources systems.

7.3.7 The two sides will strengthen cooperation in the field of water  conservancy. China will support Africa in formulating water resources planning,  integrated river basin planning and other professional plans, improving water  management and water conservancy infrastructure, enhancing the ability of water  conservancy in supporting economic and social sustainable development, and  advancing the implementation of the water-related goals of the 2030 Agenda for  Sustainable Development.

7.3.8 The two sides encourage technological exchanges, personnel training and  project cooperation in such fields as water resources allocation, soil and water  conservation, water ecological restoration, flood preparedness and disaster  relief, water-saving irrigation, rural drinking water, rainwater collection and  utilization, small-scale hydro-power development, sediment research and remote  sensing applications.

7.3.9 The two sides will strengthen cooperation in the photovoltaic industry,  support dialogue and exchanges between photovoltaic industry associations and  other organizations of the two sides, encourage in-depth cooperation between  their businesses, research institutions and investment institutions, jointly  advance green energy applications that will drive the development of the  photovoltaic industry, and further promote mutual recognition of relevant  industry standards and testing certifications.

8. Experience Sharing on State  Governance

8.1 Political parties of China and Africa will share with each other party  building experience through exchanges and dialogue in various forms and at  various levels. The National People’s Congress of China and the National  Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference will enhance  experience sharing on state governance with, among others, parliaments of  African countries, the Pan-African Parliament and the African Parliamentary  Union.

8.2 China will share experience with Africa on economic development, and  strengthen exchanges with Africa in such areas as the reform and development of  state-owned enterprises, competition policies, efforts against monopoly and  unfair competition, customs facilitation, law enforcement and capacity  building.

8.3 The two sides will continue to enhance experience sharing on poverty  reduction, education, employment, health, agriculture and other areas by  establishing dialogue mechanisms at various levels for poverty reduction and  rural development and holding events including the FOCAC Meeting on Poverty  Reduction and Development, the China-Africa Youth Exchange Program on Poverty  Reduction and Rural Development, the China-Africa Ministerial Meeting on Health  Cooperation and Development and the China-Africa Agriculture Forum.

8.4 The two sides are committed to advancing exchanges and mutual learning  between civilizations and cultures, encouraging and supporting cultural  dialogue, strengthening exchanges and cooperation between institutions in  academic research, press and publishing, film and television production and  other fields, stepping up exchanges and mutual visits of youth, and further  enhancing experience sharing on gender equality and women empowerment.

8.5 The two sides will continue to strengthen policy dialogue, exchanges and  cooperation in such fields as ecological protection, maritime cooperation,  desertification prevention and treatment, wildlife protection and energy  development strategy, and enhance environmental policy exchanges and dialogue  and conduct joint research through platforms including the China-Africa  Environmental Cooperation Center.

8.6 China will strengthen exchanges with African countries on peacekeeping  policy and skills under the framework of the UN, expand exchanges and training  cooperation between defence and military personnel, deepen counter-terrorism  cooperation, and step up intelligence sharing on combating international  terrorist organizations.

9. FOCAC Institutional  Development

9.1 The two sides are satisfied to see the efficient and smooth operation of  the Coordinator’s Meeting on the Implementation of the Follow-up Actions of the  2018 FOCAC Beijing Summit, the Senior Officials Meetings (SOMs), and  consultations between the Chinese Follow-up Committee of FOCAC and the African  diplomatic corps in China since the FOCAC Beijing Summit.

9.2 The two sides will continue to leverage the role of existing sub-forums  under FOCAC, and jointly advance the establishment or institutionalization of  new sub-forums to substantiate FOCAC and China-Africa cooperation across all  areas, including  the considerations of other frameworks to strengthen FOCAC in  due course.

9.3 In accordance with the procedures of the FOCAC follow-up mechanism, the  two sides decide to hold the 9th Ministerial Conference in People’s Republic of  China in 2024 and, before that, the 16th and 17th SOMs respectively in 2023 and  2024.


Copyright © 2004, Secretariat of the Chinese Follow-up Committee of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation
Contact us Address: No. 2, Chaoyangmen Nandajie, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100701 Tel: 86-10-65962810,86-10-65962827